-Designing environments to increase natural surveillance
-Minimizing visual obstructions and concealed areas at intersecting roadways, etc.
-Ensuring adequate lighting at transit stops, roadways, sidewalks, and parks
-Installing cameras and emergency call boxes for pedestrians
-Increasing police/security presence to facilitate surveillance
-Minimizing graffiti and litter presence on transportation infrastructure
How it Helps
The measures and initiatives intended to deter any particular target crime should be outlined in an action plan. The target crime, the conception of objectives, what would be the goals of the strategies, the justification for the actions chosen, the contribution of the agencies and organizations, clear performance measures, and setting up of the time span should be the main areas in the formulation of an action plan.4
Unfortunately, lower-income and racial and ethnic minority communities tend to experience higher crime rates.5 On the other hand, neighborhoods with lower crime rates usually have stronger social organizations, more job opportunities, and residential stability. Therefore, built environment modifications to deter crime should be focused on the most at-risk neighborhoods and communities to promote social justice.
1) The International Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Association (ICA)
The ICA is an international non-profit association that supports local communities and organizations that utilize Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) principles.
2) American Public Transportation Association (APTA) Guidance Document
The APTA has developed a guidance document on the use of CPTED principles for transit agencies. It addresses stakeholder and risk assessment considerations and provides a helpful checklist.
3) National Institute of Crime Prevention (NICP) Training Courses
The NICP provides basic and advanced CPTED training courses for law enforcement officials, city planners, architects, transportation experts, public health personnel, and any other interested parties. The NICP offers both in-person and online trainings.