How it Helps
-Decreased spending on gasoline
-Decreased vehicle maintenance costs
-Lowered car insurance costs
Supply and Cost:
To maximize a carsharing program’s effectiveness, there should be an adequate number of cars readily available to be easily checked in and out. It should also be affordable to entice users from a range of socioeconomic backgrounds to participate in the program.
Carsharing programs are especially beneficial for residents in dense urban areas where they can easily access vehicles to check out.3 Suitable biking and walking infrastructure and public transportation allows individuals who do not own a car to quickly get to a nearby car.
1) Carsharing Apps
There are several carsharing apps in which members can choose a car to drive for a single trip or day. Members may also choose hybrid or electric vehicles in their area to further reduce vehicular-associated pollution.
2) Carsharing in Palermo, Sicily
A study done in Palermo, Sicily regarding the environmental benefits of carsharing found reductions in both particulate matter and carbon dioxide concentrations.
3) Carsharing Pilot Program in New York City
The New York Department of Transportation launched a carshare parking pilot program in 2017 with the purpose of expanding carshare access and analyzing its impact on car ownership and vehicle miles traveled. It was found that the program produced an annual net reduction of approximately 12,000 metric tons in greenhouse gas emissions.