How it Helps
Choosing fuel-efficient vehicles can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, protect public health, and benefit the environment. Even purchasing a newer gas-powered vehicle that gets better gas mileage can significantly reduce annual pollutant emissions. However, choosing the most climate-friendly vehicle option can depend on how each state generates its energy, either through reliance on fossil fuels (which is more emissions intensive) or through more renewable sources.2 Electric vehicles are also generally quieter than vehicles with an internal combustion engine which can help reduce traffic noise in urban environments.3
Another incentive is the introduction of a feebate policy that rewards vehicle manufacturers to build more efficient models and consumers who purchase these vehicles.4
1) EPA’s Green Vehicle Guide
2) EPA’s Fuel Economy and Environment Label
The EPA’s Fuel Economy and Environmental Label allows car buyers to have ample information regarding fuel economy, fuel costs, and environmental impacts of new vehicles. It also allows users to make comparisons between vehicles by providing ratings on smog and greenhouse emissions per vehicle.
3) DOE and EPA Fuel Economy Estimates
Like the EPA label, this joint DOE and EPA website provides side-by-side comparisons of vehicles according to fuel costs, efficiency, and environmental impacts. It also provides tips on gas mileage, hybrid and electric vehicles, and other fuel economy information.
4) EPA’s Clean School Bus Program
This program provides $5 billion between fiscal years 2022-2026 to replace outdated, high-emitting school buses with cleaner and zero-emission models.
This will reduce tailpipe pollution and greenhouse gas emissions that can cause harmful health consequences to children due to their high susceptibility to exposures in the environment.
5) Texas Clean School Bus Program
This comprehensive program is part of the Texas Emissions Reduction Plan (TERP) under the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ). Like the EPA’s program, its purpose is to reduce diesel emissions from outdated school buses.