How it Helps
The major steps in conducting a HIA typically begins with conducing a screening, where stakeholders and project plans are identified.1,2,3 Then, the geographical boundaries, health risks, and health benefits should be scoped out. The impacts on the affected population should be assessed, and recommendations should be made. Results should then be reported to policymakers, community members, and other stakeholders. The process should conclude with monitoring and evaluation efforts to determine the HIA’s impact on health status of the community.
This assessment tool has been praised for its ability to be applicable in many health situations and populations.3 It can apply to a broad array of policies, programs, and projects.
In conjunction with a HIA, communities and stakeholders can conduct risk assessments and cost-benefit analyses to help strengthen policy and project recommendations that will impact health status.1
1) Built Environment and Health Initiative (BEHI)
BEHI supports health impact assessments (HIAs) that notify local policymakers beyond the public health domains on how modifications to the physical environment can influence public health. These HIAs help communities use health information to make effective, locally appropriate decisions about transportation and land-use projects.
2) Health Impact Provider
Health Impact is a top multinational healthcare and professional medical service provider offering various unique health and well-being services to several individuals.
They work hard to improve employee health, well-being, and safety. Health Impact is always looking for new ways to make illness prevention and legal compliance a key concern.
3) National Collaborating Center for Environmental Health (NCCEH)
NCCEH is one of the six National Collaborating Centers for Public Health. NCCEH considers the effects of the built and natural environments on health and well-being and evidence-based treatments that can alleviate those effects.
They want to synthesize, interpret, and share information for health and environment practitioners and policymakers, identify knowledge areas for future research and practice and build capacity through networks of practitioners, policymakers, and researchers.